Gross motor and fine motor skills are developed in the early years. Gross motor development refers to the large movement of the entire body. At school, the children are given a lot of opportunities to build their muscles. In Nursery, the children develop the ability to do locomotor activities (run, jump, hop, dance), throw/ and catch balls, as well as walk up and down the stairs with alternating feet. They also begin to push themselves around using ride on toys. Kindergarten children further develops their body and coordination. The children are more independent in performing locomotor activities, have more balance, better speed and strength. Both Nursery and Kindergarten also enjoy swimming class.
Fine motor development refers to the small movement specifically of the hands and fingers. In Nursery class, children develop their skills through hands-on activities. They use blocks/cups to build towers, use play dough to form figures, play with pegs, scribbles and traces using crayons/pencils, eat using spoon/fork, twist lids of containers, zip/unzip their bag, wiping the table. As they move to Kindergarten, their skills are refined. More complex activities such as buttoning/unbuttoning clothes, opening bottle lid without help, using chopsticks, sweeping the floor, drawingmore complex and detailed figures, writing within the line are some examples.