Fundamentally, an oral assessment aims for assessing knowledge of a subject and assessing verbal communication skills because the development of knowledge arises through the practice of oral/spoken language. Moreover, oral assessments offers a means to observe students as they learn to construct conceptual meanings through words. Students who are developing language appropriately will demonstrate an increasingly complex use of words in explanations. Comprehension as shown through the production of structural relationship of words in spoken language will provide indicators of the child’s knowledge about meaning and communicating.
Understanding the significance of oral assessment as explained above, students who are learning Indonesian Language and Literature both MYP and DP, are experiencing the same process. After completing the written assignment as a part of summative assessment, students directed to complete the oral summative assessment. DP students are focusing on the external assessment which called “Further Oral Commentary”, while MYP students are working on text analysis which is done through oral assessment. Year 7 and 8 Indonesian Language and Literature are doing group presentations in analyzing the intrinsic elements of the work studied, whilst year 9 students are doing “speech” and year 10 are doing “Individual Oral Commentary”.
By the end, these oral assessments are empowering the students. They have a variety of opportunities, both critical and creative, to demonstrate their understanding of skills through a wide variety of active learning approaches, oral presentation.